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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 83-89

Clinical profile, risk stratification of patients with acute pulmonary embolism


1 Department of Cardiology, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Research Department, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Cardiology, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Civil Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vishal Sharma
Department of Cardiology, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/heartindia.heartindia_36_20

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Context: To study the demographics and clinical profile of patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) and impact of management as per risk stratification on outcome of patients with acute PE. Materials and Methods: Prospective observational study of demographics, clinical profile, risk stratification, management, and outcome of patients presenting with acute PE from August 2016 to July 2017. Results: One hundred and fifty patients who were detected to have acute pulmonary thromboembolism with a mean age of 45.08 years, with 70% being males, were included in the study. There were 6 (4%) patients in high-risk group, 69 (46%) patients in intermediate-high subgroup, 39 (26%) patients in intermediate-low subgroup and 36 (24%) patients in low-risk group as per the ESC 2019 guidelines using sPESI score, shock/hypotension, right ventricle (RV) dysfunction and cardiac marker elevation. 72 patients (52%) had antecedent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of which 60 patients has proximal, whereas 12 patients had distal DVT. One hundred and forty-seven patients (98%) had moderate-to-severe TR, 117 patients (78%) had evidence of right atrium/RV dysfunction and 27 patients (18%) had evidence of thrombus in the heart. Computed tomography pulmonary angiogram showed middle pulmonary artery thrombus/dilatation in 63 patients (42%), saddle thrombus in 18 patients (12%), partial thrombus in the left pulmonary artery (LPA) and right pulmonary artery (RPA) in 84 (56%) and 75 (50%) patients, respectively. Majority (86%) of patients with tenecteplase; 9 (10.3%) patients with streptokinase and 3 (3.4%) was thrmobolysed with alteplase. Conclusion: PE can present with unexplained dyspnea and atypical chest pain, among other signs and symptoms. Early diagnosis, risk stratification, and guideline-directed prompt management can lead to favorable outcome.


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