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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 51-53

Frequency of increased carotid intima media thickness and its relation with vascular complication in newly diagnosed patients of type 2 diabetes: A Hospital-based study


1 Department of Medicine, IGMC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Government Medical College, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India
3 Department of Cardiology, IGMC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajesh Kumar Bhawani
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Government Medical College, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/heartindia.heartindia_5_18

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Objective: To study the frequency of increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and its relation with vascular complications in patients of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methodology: All consecutive newly diagnosed type 2 diabetics were enrolled and evaluated for the CIMT by B mode ultrasonography and presence of vascular complications. Results: 105 newly diagnosed patients of type 2 diabetes with a mean age of 56.55 ± 7.43 years were enrolled in the study. Mean age of patients with increased CIMT in the study was 56.45 ± 8.10 while mean age of patients with normal CIMT was 53.10 ± 9.66 years (P = 0.75) among them 53 were male and 52 were females. Conclusion: Type 2 diabetes mellitus can present with or without symptoms and with chronic vascular complications at the time of diagnosis, measurement of CIMT by B Mode ultrasonography is an important noninvasive, cost-effective tools for the diagnosis of subclinical/overt atherosclerosis.


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