|Year : 2017 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 125-126
Rupture of noncoronary sinus of Valsalva into right atrium in the fifth decade of life
R Rajan1, O Amin1, B Soman2, R Dashti1, M Al Jarallah1
1 Department of Cardiology, Sabah Al Ahmad Cardiac Center, Amiri Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait
2 Department of Cardiology, Meditrina Hospitals, Kottarakara, Kollam, Kerala, India
|Date of Web Publication||12-Sep-2017|
Department of Cardiology, Sabah Al Ahmad Cardiac Center, Amiri Hospital, Kuwait City
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Ruptured noncoronary sinus of Valsalva is a rare condition which was first reported in 1974. The majority of RSOV drains into right-sided chambers and rarely to the left. RSOV is an anatomical defect due to failure of fusion between heart and aortic media with an aneurysmal enlargement which ruptures due to elevated pressures at the aortic root, infective endocarditis, trauma, etc. Here, we are reporting a 57-year-old male diagnosed to have RSOV incidentally. This case report highlights the need for immediate care and prescribing treatment strategies to avoid dreadful complications such as infective endocarditis.
Keywords: Echocardiography, noncoronary sinus, right atrium, rupture of sinus of Valsalva
|How to cite this article:|
Rajan R, Amin O, Soman B, Dashti R, Al Jarallah M. Rupture of noncoronary sinus of Valsalva into right atrium in the fifth decade of life. Heart India 2017;5:125-6
|How to cite this URL:|
Rajan R, Amin O, Soman B, Dashti R, Al Jarallah M. Rupture of noncoronary sinus of Valsalva into right atrium in the fifth decade of life. Heart India [serial online] 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 16];5:125-6. Available from: http://www.heartindia.net/text.asp?2017/5/3/125/214424
| Introduction|| |
Ruptured noncoronary sinus of Valsalva without aneurysm is a rare anomaly, especially when it drains into the right atrium (RA)., This can be congenital or acquired condition. Ruptured sinus of Valsalva (RSOV) may cause significant hemodynamic worsening, and it may result in heart failure and even death. Echocardiography usually plays vital role in the process of diagnosis. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and cardiac catheterization are gold standards for its diagnosis.
| Case Report|| |
A 57-year-old Egyptian male with no medical history presented to our emergency room with palpitation and atypical chest pain of 1-week duration. Chest pain was on and off. On examination, he was hemodynamically stable, heart rate of 66/min, and blood pressure 100/70 mmHg. On auscultation, a 3/6 systolic murmur was heard at the right sternal border. Laboratory findings were within normal limits. The electrocardiogram showed atrial fibrillation with controlled ventricular rate. Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography findings showed good left ventricle systolic function with and an ejection fraction of 55% a small defect noted at the level of noncoronary cusp with normal left and right atria [Figure 1]. TEE revealed 3 mm small defect at the noncoronary cusp close to the junction with right coronary cusp with left to right shunt into RA just above the insertion of septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve [Figure 2].
|Figure 1: Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the short-axis view at the level of great arteries showing a small defect at the level of noncoronary cusp with normal left and right atria|
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|Figure 2: Transesophageal Echocardiography revealed 3 mm small defect at the noncoronary cusp close to the junction with right coronary cusp with left to right shunt into right atrium just above the insertion of septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve|
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Our patient was referred to cardiac surgery for the surgical closure of RSOV rupture and further management. Patient wanted to undergo surgery abroad. Hence, lost to follow-up.
| Discussion|| |
Rupture of sinus of Valsalva is a rare occurrence; its prevalence is <1%. Majority of the aortic sinus of Valsalva aneurysms are congenital, some are associated with syphilis, endocarditis, trauma, atherosclerosis, and aortic dissection.,, They develop symptoms of heart failure after rupture which usually occurs by the fourth decade., Males are affected more (4:1) and the prevalence is higher among Asians when compared to other ethnic groups.
The rupture of noncoronary cusp is fairly uncommon, accounting for nearly 20% of the cases, rupture of right coronary sinus of Valsalva is the most common (65%–75%) and left coronary cusp ruptures accounts for <5% of the cases.,, Usually, noncoronary sinus aneurysm rupture communicates with the RA.,,
Echocardiography (transthoracic or transesophageal) is the investigation of choice and surgery is the preferred treatment,, though is selected favorable cases, percutaneous intervention with an amplatzer duct occluder has been successful.,
| Conclusion|| |
Diagnosis was confirmed by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography and was referred for surgical correction. Early detection and surgical management of the defect are vital. Echocardiography plays a vital role in the early diagnosis of such cases.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2]