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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-14

Risk-factor profile for coronary artery disease among young and elderly patients in Andhra Pradesh


1 Department of Physiology, Kunhitharuvai Memorial Charitable Trust Medical College and Hospital, Mukkam, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
2 Department of Biochemistry, Kunhitharuvai Memorial Charitable Trust Medical College and Hospital, Mukkam, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
3 Department of Medicine, Santhiram Medical College and General Hospital, Nandyal, Andhra Pradesh, India
4 Department of Pathology, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Srinivasa Jayachandra
Department of Physiology, Kunhitharuvai Memorial Charitable Trust Medical College and Hospital, Mukkam, Kozhikode - 673 602, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2321-449x.127974

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Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a worldwide health epidemic. Acute coronary syndrome is a potentially life-threatening condition and patient may die or become disabled in the prime of life. The aim of this study was to determine the conventional risk factors of CAD in young and elderly aged patients in Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: Total of 190 CAD patients admitted in ICCU at Santhiram Medical College General Hospital, Nandyal, Andhra pradesh were selected for the study. In this, 90 patients were aged between 18-45 years, and 100 were more than 45 years of age. These patients were evaluated for risk factor contributing to occurrence of CAD. Results: The hypertension (20%), smoking (22%), diabetes mellitus (11%) and dyslipidemia (8%) were the most common risk factors in young patients. Overall risk factors were more likely in males compared to females (18 to <45 years, 79%; ≥65 years, 69.1%). With reference to elderly patients, the diabetes mellitus (21%), hypertension (14%), smoker (17%), kidney disease (11%) and dyslipidemia (9%) were the most common risk factors. Conclusion: Young patients had a different risk-factor profile when compared with older patients. Hypertension and smoking were the most common risk factors in young patients of CAD, whereas diabetes mellitus, kidney disease, and smoking were found in elderly patients.


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